SAFE CHEMICAL HANDLING

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CATEGORIES OF HAZARDOUS CHEMICAL (KATEGORI KIMIA BERBAHAYA):

 

  • Corrosive
  • Flammable
  • Toxic
  • Reactive
  • Biological (infectious)
  • Carcinogen (cancer-causing)
  • Radioactive

 

PHYSICAL STATES OF HAZARDOUS CHEMICAL (STATUS FISIK KIMIA BERBAHAYA):

 

  • Liquid
  • Solid
  • Gas
  • Vapor

 


HOW TO HANDLE CHEMICALS PROPERLY:

 

  • Use cautions
  • Always follow procedures
  • Read all labels
  • Keep yourself and the work area clean
  • Plan ahead


ROUTES OF EXPOSURE (RUTE PAPARAN):

 

  • Inhalation
  • Ingestion
  • Absorption
  • Injection

 

SYMTOMS OF POSSIBLE OVEREXPOSURE ( Gejala Kemungkinan Paparan Berlebih ):

 

  • Eye discomfort ( Ketidaknyamanan mata )
  • Breathing difficulty ( Sulit bernafas )
  • Dizziness ( Pusing )
  • Headache ( Sakit Kepala )
  • Nausea ( Mual )
  • Vomiting ( Muntah )
  • Skin irritation ( Iritasi Kulit )

 

 

INCOMPATIBLE CHEMICALS :


  • Flammables and oxidizers (Bahan mudah terbakar dan pengoksidasi)
  • Flammables and any ignition source (Bahan mudah terbakar dan sumber penyulutan)
  • Acids and cyanides (Asam dan sianida)
  • Strong acids and strong alkalines (Asam kuat dan basa kuat)
  • Concentrated acids and water (Asam pekat dan air)
  • Organic solvents and corrosives (Pelarut organik dan korosif)
  • Corrosives and other reactive materials (Korosif dan bahan reaktif lainnya)

 

HANDLING FLAMABLE CHEMICALS:

 

  • Keep containers closed when not in use
  • Keep away from ignition sources
  • Avoid contact with incompatible materials
  • Only transfer to approved containers
  • Bond all receiving containers
  • Clean up spills and dispose of waste properly

 

PROPER STORAGE OF FLAMMABLE CHEMICALS (
PENYIMPANAN BAHAN KIMIA YANG MUDAH TERBAKAR ):

 

  • Ensure that storage areas meet regulatory requirements
  • Replace all bung caps with drum vents after receiving containers
  • Ground all drums properly
  • Store quantities in approved storage rooms and cabinets
  • Store only in small quantities

 

GENERAL SAFETY TIPS:

 

  • Never eat, drink, or smoke while using hazardous chemicals
  • Use personal protective equipment as required
  • Make sure all chemical containers are properly labeled
  • Always wash up after using chemicals

 

GENERAL SAFETY TIPS:

 

  • Never smell or taste a chemical to identify it
  • Know all emergency procedures and equipment
  • Always read labels’ MSDSs prior to use
  • Store all hazardous chemicals properly
  • Always use hazardous chemicals as intended

 

 

PRIMARY CONTAINER LABELS:

 

  • Identity of the hazardous chemical
  • Appropriate hazard warnings
  • Name and address of the manufacturer or importer
  • Target organ effects



 SECONDARY CONTAINER LABELS:


 

  • Identity of the hazardous chemical
  • Hazard warning information


HANDLING CHEMICAL EMERGENCIES:

 

  • Know emergency phone numbers
  • Know how to control the spill
  • Know proper equipment shutdown procedure
  • Know proper evacuation routes and assembly areas


WHAT EMERGENCY PERSONEL SHOULD KNOW:

 

  • Emergency cleanup and disposal measures
  • Required protective equipment
  • Use of cleanup equipment
  • Firefighting and other emergency measures (i.e., first aid)
  • Use of other emergency equipment


FIRST AID FOR CHEMICAL IN THE EYES:

 

  • Don’t rub the eyes
  • Hold eyelids open and flush with water for 15 minutes
  • Be careful not to contaminate the other eye
  • Seek additional medical attention


FIRST AID FOR CHEMICAL IN THE SKIN:

 

  • Flush area with lukewarm water for 15 minutes
  • Remove clothing and jewelry from burn area
  • Seek additional medical attention


FIRST AID FOR CHEMICAL INHALATION:

 

  • Move victim to fresh air
  • Get immediate help

 

FIRST AID FOR CHEMICAL INGESTION:

 

  • Induce vomiting only if told to do so by Poison Control
  • Get immediate medical attention

 

CONTROLING PHYSICAL HAZARDS:

 


 


LINK:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ED9as73p3IA



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